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SBA Program Summary

Overview

The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, calls on the Small Business Administration to back loans mainly through its 7(a) loan program, which offers loans to eligible small businesses. This is in addition to the stimulus law passed on March 6, dubbed the Coronavirus Preparedness and Response Supplemental Appropriations Act which expanded the criteria for businesses to qualify for loans granted under the SBA's Economic Injury Disaster Loan Program. Below are summaries and links about both programs.

SBA 7(a) Program Summary

Summarized by the U.S. CHAMBER OF COMMERCE

The CARES Act allocated $350 billion to help small businesses keep workers employed amid the pandemic and economic downturn. Known as the Paycheck Protection Program, the initiative provides 100% federally guaranteed loans to small businesses.

Importantly, these loans may be forgiven if borrowers maintain their payrolls during the crisis or restore their payrolls afterward.


The administration soon will release more details including the list of lenders offering loans under the program. In the meantime, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce has issued this guide to help small businesses and self-employed individuals.


Am I eligible?


You are eligible if you are:

  • A small business with fewer than 500 employees

  • A small business that otherwise meets the SBA’s size standard

  • A 501(c)(3) with fewer than 500 employees

  • An individual who operates as a sole proprietor

  • An individual who operates as an independent contractor

  • An individual who is self-employed who regularly carries on any trade or business

  • A Tribal business concern that meets the SBA size standard

  • A 501(c)(19) Veterans Organization that meets the SBA size standard


In addition, some special rules may make you eligible:

  • If you are in the accommodation and food services sector (NAICS 72), the 500-employee rule is applied on a per physical location basis

  • If you are operating as a franchise or receive financial assistance from an approved Small Business Investment Company the normal affiliation rules do not apply

Remember: The 500-employee threshold includes all employees: full-time, part-time, and any other status.


What will lenders be looking for?

In evaluating eligibility, lenders are directed to consider whether the borrower was in operation before February 15, 2020 and had employees for whom they paid salaries and payroll taxes or paid independent contractors.


Lenders will also ask you for a good faith certification that:

  • The uncertainty of current economic conditions makes the loan request necessary to support ongoing operations

  • The borrower will use the loan proceeds to retain workers and maintain payroll or make mortgage, lease, and utility payments

  • Borrower does not have an application pending for a loan duplicative of the purpose and amounts applied for here

  • From Feb. 15, 2020 to Dec. 31, 2020, the borrower has not received a loan duplicative of the purpose and amounts applied for here (Note: There is an opportunity to fold emergency loans made between Jan. 31, 2020 and the date this loan program becomes available into a new loan)

If you are an independent contractor, sole proprietor, or self-employed individual, lenders will also be looking for certain documents (final requirements will be announced by the government) such as payroll tax filings, Forms 1099-MISC, and income and expenses from the sole proprietorship.

  • That the borrower sought and was unable to obtain credit elsewhere.

  • A personal guarantee is not required for the loan.

  • No collateral is required for the loan.

How much can I borrow?

Loans can be up to 2.5 x the borrower’s average monthly payroll costs, not to exceed $10 million.

Included Payroll Costs

For Employers: The sum of payments of any compensation with respect to employees:

  • salary, wage, commission, or similar compensation;

  • payment of cash tip or equivalent;

  • payment for vacation, parental, family, medical, or sick leave

  • allowance for dismissal or separation

  • payment required for the provisions of group health care benefits, including insurance premiums

  • payment of any retirement benefit

  • payment of state or local tax assessed on the compensation of the employee


For Sole Proprietors, Independent Contractors, and Self-Employed Individuals: The sum of payments of any compensation to or income of a sole proprietor or independent contractor that is a wage, commission, income, net earnings from self-employment, or similar compensation and that is in an amount that is not more than $100,000 in one year, as pro-rated for the covered period.

Excluded payroll cost

  • Compensation of an individual employee in excess of an annual salary of $100,000, as prorated for the period February 15, to June 30, 2020

  • Payroll taxes, railroad retirement taxes, and income taxes

  • Any compensation of an employee whose principal place of residence is outside of the United States

  • Qualified sick leave wages for which a credit is allowed under section 7001 of the Families First Coronavirus Response Act (Public Law 116– 5 127); or qualified family leave wages for which a credit is allowed under section 7003 of the Families First Coronavirus Response Act

Will this loan be forgiven?

Borrowers are eligible to have their loans forgiven.

How much?

A borrower is eligible for loan forgiveness equal to the amount the borrower spent on the following items during the 8-week period beginning on the date of the origination of the loan:

  • Payroll costs (using the same definition of payroll costs used to determine loan eligibility)

  • Interest on the mortgage obligation incurred in the ordinary course of business

  • Rent on a leasing agreement

  • Payments on utilities (electricity, gas, water, transportation, telephone, or internet)

  • For borrowers with tipped employees, additional wages paid to those employees

The loan forgiveness cannot exceed the principal.

How could the forgiveness be reduced?

The amount of loan forgiveness calculated above is reduced if there is a reduction in the number of employees or a reduction of greater than 25% in wages paid to employees.

What if I bring back employees or restore wages?

Reductions in employment or wages that occur during the period beginning on February 15, 2020, and ending 30 days after enactment of the CARES Act, (as compared to February 15, 2020) shall not reduce the amount of loan forgiveness. If by June 30, 2020 the borrower eliminates the reduction in employees or reduction in wages.

When to Apply

Starting April 3, 2020, small businesses and sole proprietorships can apply. Starting April 10, 2020, independent contractors and self-employed individuals can apply.

How to Apply

You can apply through any existing SBA 7(a) lender or through any federally insured depository institution, federally insured credit union, and Farm Credit System institution that is participating. Other regulated lenders will be available to make these loans once they are approved and enrolled in the program. You should consult with your local lender as to whether it is participating. All loans will have the same terms regardless of lender or borrower. A list of participating lenders as well as additional information and full terms can be found at www.sba.gov.

SBA Disaster Assistance Loan Program Summary

The SBA will be adopting regulations in the next week providing greater details.

SBA Disaster Assistance Loans

Time Frame January 31, 2020 - December 31, 2020 (Covered Period)

Eligibility

Small businesses, small agricultural cooperatives, private nonprofit organizations, and entities considered small for the industry in which they operate.

Must have suffered substantial economic injury (business is unable to meet its obligations and to pay its ordinary and necessary operating expenses) and be located in a declared disaster area. The entire country has been declared a disaster area for COVID-19.

SBA to approve loans based solely on an applicant’s credit score without requiring a tax return, or to use alternative methods to determine an applicant’s ability to repay.

Exceptions

  • Businesses owned in substantial part by SBICs are not considered affiliates of the SBIC;

  • Businesses owned by the Native American tribes are not considered affiliates of the Native American tribes; and

  • Businesses who lease employees from employee leases entities are not affiliated with the leasing entity. There are other less common exceptions.

Additional Disaster Assistance Loan Details

  • The SBA’s Economic Injury Disaster Loans offer up to $2 million in assistance and can provide vital economic support to small businesses to help overcome the temporary loss of revenue they are experiencing.

  • The loans may be used to pay fixed debts, payroll, accounts payable and other bills that can’t be paid because of the disaster’s impact. The interest rate is 3.75% for small businesses. The interest rate for non-profits is 2.75%.

  • The SBA offers loans with long-term repayments in order to keep payments affordable, up to a maximum of 30 years. Terms are determined on a case-by-case basis, based upon each borrower’s ability to repay.

  • The SBA’s Economic Injury Disaster Loans are just one piece of the expanded focus of the federal government’s coordinated response, and the SBA is strongly committed to providing the most effective and customer-focused response possible.


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